An Automatic Assembly Line is comprised of a series of workstations linked by a transfer system and an electrical control system. Each station performs a specific operation and the product is processed step by step as it moves along the line in a pre-defined production sequence.
A fully automated production line does not need people directly involved in the operation, and all or part of the process of the production is completed by mechanical equipment and automated systems. Therefore, in an automated environment, the tasks of human are more likely to change to system design, adjustment, supervision and monitoring the operation of the system rather than controlling it directly.
There are three types of automation in production: Hard automation (also known as ‘fixed automation’), programmable automation and soft automation (also known as ‘flexible automation’). The type of automation to utilise is determined by the type of product and volume.
Following the programmed commands, an automated production line is a process that raw materials enter and finished products leave, with little or no human intervention. The fast, stable and accurate production flow contributes to the reduction of production times and the cost of the manufactured products. The use of automated production lines significantly reduces production costs and labour costs, and minimizes human errors, ensuring output consistency and quality.
The use of automated production lines frees up people from the drudgery of repetitive tasks – replace human labours in tasks done in dangerous environments, and perform tasks that are beyond human capabilities of size, weight, speed and endurance.
Carefully planned investment in automation can also make good financial sense. A two or three year payback on reduced labour costs is the equivalent of an excellent 30%-50% return on investment.
Moreover, many of the world’s most successful economies, such as Germany and Japan, have high investment in automation.
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